Facts & Figures

Plans for Farming Efforts

View our map for crop plans and get answers to frequently asked questions below.

Map of Farming Plans

Check out our farming plans, from crops, to livestock, to community farming. There will be a variety of crops, including citrus, macadamia nuts, coffee, and onions.

Get the Facts on Some Frequently Asked Questions

How many acres are currently being farmed?

As of October 2022, Mahi Pono has planted more than 1.5 million trees on approximately 7,000 acres of land.  In addition to our tree plantings, we have also prepared over 9,000 acres of grass pasture land to support our Maui Cattle Company grass-fed beef operations.  We continue to plant more trees as we work toward the full development of our farm.

What type of food crops are currently in the ground?

Orchard and row crops currently planted include lime, lemon, orange, tangerine, coffee, avocado, macadamia nut, 'ulu, onion, kale, lettuce, watermelon, bananas, broccolini, watermelon radish, carrots, and butternut squash.

Where can I purchase Mahi Pono produce?

Products are sold under the Maui Harvest brand and are available at select retailers & food hubs– including Costco, Whole Foods, Down to Earth, Pukalani Superette, Farmlink, Local Harvest, Kahumana and others – on Maui and across the state. As production increases, we will establish additional partnerships with distributors, wholesalers and chefs that will make our Maui-grown produce available at more stores and restaurants across Hawaii.

What steps is Mahi Pono taking towards water conservation?

Mahi Pono is committed to the efficient use of water while working towards increasing local food production for Hawaii. We have selected crops that will result in a significant decrease in water use on the farm compared to sugar cane (previous crop), and have integrated modern technology to better manage and improve the efficiency of our irrigation systems. We are also in the process of installing a weed mat/barrier throughout our orchard plantings.  This weed mat will reduce water needs by keeping moisture in the soil while also reducing the need for chemical applications. We estimate that our diversified farm will use 50% less water compared to the previous sugarcane monocrop operation. 

We continue to remain fully-transparent in our water conservation efforts and have provided regular reports to the State of Hawaii Department of Land and Natural Resources (DLNR) as required by our water permits. 

Mahi Pono has also entered into a water management agreement with Hui o Nā Wai ‘Ehā that provides oversight on our West Maui water diversions.

Does Mahi Pono own and manage East Maui Irrigation (EMI)?

In 2019, Mahi Pono obtained 50% ownership of EMI.The 140-year-old, 70-mile gravity-fed water system collects surface water from both company-owned and public lands in East Maui. EMI’s annual budget dedicated to system maintenance exceeds $1.5 million per year.

Does EMI and Mahi Pono control surface water on Maui?

No.  All surface water throughout Hawaii is controlled by the State government through the Board of Land & Natural Resources (the “BLNR”) and the Commission on Water Resource Management (“CWRM”).  These entities allow EMI to divert a limited amount of surface water for uses that are beneficial to the public, which include irrigating Mahi Pono’s diversified farm in Central Maui and providing water to residents & farmers in Upcountry, Maui.  EMI’s diversions always operate within the State’s surface water limits to ensure full compliance with stream flow standards set by CWRM. 

In addition to the limitations placed on EMI’s diversions, the State government also imposes strict conditions on EMI’s water rights.  EMI must comply with all of these State-mandated conditions in order to continue to divert water.  These conditions include the filing of comprehensive quarterly reports with the State, modifying diversion structures in accordance with State guidelines, and reporting on unexpected uses of the diverted water, such as providing Maui Fire Department with water to fight brushfires.  EMI has remained compliant with all of these conditions under Mahi Pono’s management.

Does EMI profit from water deliveries to the County of Maui and Upcountry residents & farmers?

No. EMI delivers up to 6 million gallons of water per day to the County’s Kamaole Weir treatment plant and up to 1.5 million gallons of water per day to the County’s Kula Ag Park. These deliveries make EMI the primary source of water for residents and farmers in Upcountry, Maui.

EMI has prioritized the uninterrupted delivery of water to the County since 1973, the year that the County and EMI originally executed a water delivery agreement for the Upcountry area.  The terms of this original agreement included a rate of $0.06 per 1,000 gallons, and this rate remains the same today, almost 50 years later. 

The rate of $0.06 per 1,000 gallons – again, held constant since 1973 – makes EMI one of the lowest-cost sources of water available to the County of Maui.  EMI’s cost to deliver this water to the County far exceeds this rate, and thus, the water delivered to the County via the EMI system is not profitable to EMI or Mahi Pono.  

What is Mahi Pono’s approach to managing the economic impacts of its agricultural operations?

We believe that Mahi Pono’s farming activities will continue to accelerate Maui’s economic diversification.   As of March 2022, Mahi Pono employs over 300 Maui residents on a full-time basis.  We are especially proud of the fact that we continued to build our team and increase our employment numbers despite the economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic.  Our goal is to create more than 800 jobs in Maui County by the time our crops reach their full harvest potential. 

We have also built strong partnerships with local vendors and consultants.  We’ve relied on our Maui-based partners for irrigation materials, nursery services, farming equipment, engineering guidance, sales & marketing, and graphic design work.  We have – and always will be – strongly committed to supporting and working with the Maui business community. 

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